As a busy and sometimes chaotic summer comes to a close, major U.S. airlines said Wednesday that appetite for vacation travel is holding up as they continue to hope for a full recovery in business travel.

Airports were inundated with tourists this summer as vacation travel largely returned to 2019 levels or even surpassed them. Over the Labor Day holiday weekend, passenger volumes topped levels from before the Covid-19 pandemic, according to the Transportation Security Administration.

The larger query for airlines may perhaps be whether or not corporate bookings will chart a equivalent recovery this fall.

Large-spending corporate clients account for an outsize share of airline revenues and income, but the Worldwide Small business Travel Association final month projected that the sector will not return to prepandemic spending levels worldwide till mid-2026—18 months later than it predicted final year—as inflation, higher power charges and other macroeconomic issues slow recovery.

Regardless of issues that shoppers would be deterred by inflation and would want to prevent paying costly airfares amid a weakening economy, airline executives mentioned Wednesday that leisure bookings are not ebbing.

It was a busy summer time at U.S. airports such as Ronald Reagan Washington National Airport in Arlington, Va.

“We’re seeing a definitely robust September. It does not seem that summer time has come to an end—it’s that robust,” mentioned Patrick Quayle, United’s senior vice president of worldwide network arranging and alliances.

Even as young children return to college, individuals are nonetheless booking trips to Mexico, the Caribbean and Europe at equivalent levels as they did more than the summer time, he mentioned. What’s much more, travelers are shelling out much more to sit in pricier premium economy seats.

“Historically, there’s generally a drop-off involving August and September, and we’re not seeing that,” he mentioned in the course of a Cowen investor conference.

United on Wednesday slightly elevated its outlook for third-quarter income and margins, citing robust demand and enhancing operations that will let it to fly somewhat much more than it had anticipated and spread its charges out.

Robert Isom, chief executive of American Airlines Group Inc., also mentioned that demand remains steady. “As we get previous Labor Day, our leisure bookings stay robust,” he mentioned, speaking at the similar occasion. “There was some query about whether or not that would hold.”

Airline shares rose in early afternoon trading Wednesday, with American up two.five% to $13.55 and United three.three% larger to $37.77.

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Airlines have mentioned that staff at little and midsize businesses have been back on the road for months, but bigger businesses such as investment banks and consulting firms have been slower to return. Mr. Isom mentioned income from that segment is nonetheless only 75% recovered from 2019 levels.

When big corporations, like tech businesses, have been lagging behind, “it feels like there’s a small much more power for return to workplace up and down the West Coast,” mentioned Shane Tackett, Alaska Air Group Inc.’s chief economic officer.

Carriers say they are hoping that will commence to modify as Covid issues ease, much more businesses mandate staff come back to offices, and international markets reopen. Mr. Isom mentioned that the divide involving function and individual travel is acquiring murkier as individuals blend trips.

Some analysts and sector observers are skeptical that the pace of the airline recovery will continue.

“My guess is that heading into a recession, it is going to be complicated to sustain the functionality of the summer time,” mentioned Eric Bernardini, head of the aerospace, defense and aviation practice at AlixPartners, a consulting firm. Small business travel behaviors have changed, he mentioned. “People are going to be much more effective in their traveling.”